A Roller Shutter, coiling door, roller door, or sectional overhead door is a type of door or window shutter consisting of many horizontal slats (or sometimes bars or web systems) hinged together. The door is raised to open it and lowered to close it. On large doors, the action may be motorized. It provides protection against wind, rain, fire, and theft. In shutter form, it is used in front of a window and protects the window from vandalism and burglary attempts.
Roller shutters have many applications including doors for vans, garages, kitchens, schools, prisons, and warehouses. In some parts of the world, roller shutters are subsidized by local governments. In areas that are frequently exposed to inclement weather, roller shutters are used as a method of insulation, can protect windows against hail damage, and can be made to withstand high wind.
Types of Roller Shutter
- Built-on roller shutter door
Describes the type where the roller shutter box is fixed to the exterior of the building facade.
- Built-in roller shutter doors
Where the roller shutter box is built into the lintel above the window.
- Integrated roller shutter
A roller shutter and window combined as a single unit.
- Roller shutter with tilting louvers
A roller shutter with laths that tilt, similar to an external Venetian blind.
With gear drive from the shutter roller traced through the building facade to a universal joint on the room side that is operated by a cranked winding handle.
- Manual tape
A tape drive around a flange on the roller is traced through the building facade with pulley guides to an inertia reel on the room side
- Spring Assist
Spring-assist roller shutters are operated by manually lowering or lifting the handle which is mounted to the curtain end slat. Most cost-effective solutions for securing small.
Extruded or roll-formed steel, aluminum or stainless steel. Single or multi-wall. Hollow or insulated designs.
- Roller (or axle tube)
Steel, aluminum tube supported at either end by an endplate.
- Shutter box
Formed steel or aluminum extrusion box designed to protect the shutter’s internal components.
- Shutter spring
1. Spring Wire: Made from the spring wire, it also called torsion spring.
2. Flat Spring: Formed by hardened and tempered steel strips in coils. Common steel grades C67, CK67, SAE1070, etc.
- Guide rail (or track)
Steel or aluminium to retain the shutter curtain within the opening. Weather sealed to increase product lifetime and reduce operating vibration.
- Bottom slat
Steel, aluminium or PVC to match the rest of the roller shutter curtain. A safety edge or rubber weather seal to reduce draught can be added.
An important part of roller shutter used to manually secure the curtain slats in place. Can be locked with slide lock and bullet lock. Slim key locks are installed within the end slat and have bars that securely lock shutter into the guide rails.